Hard-fern - Blechnum spicant

Alt Name
Deer Fern

Fronds grow to a length of around 40cms and the plant remains green and fertile for most of the year.


Woodland with free draining acid soil.

When to see it

Most of the year.

Life History

Perennial. The long flat fronds are actually sterile, and the short erect fronds are the fertile ones.

UK Status

Widespread and fairly common throughout most of Britain except for the drier East Anglia region in England.

VC55 Status

Local in Leicestershire and Rutland where it is virtually restricted to the Charnwood Forest area. In the 1979 Flora survey of Leicestershire it was found in only 14 of the 617 tetrads.

Leicestershire & Rutland Map

UK Map