Wall Screw-moss - Tortula muralis

    Description

    T. muralis is one of the first (and commonest) mosses that beginners will find. It grows in patches, tufts and neat cushions less than 1 cm tall. A long, smooth, silvery, excurrent nerve projects from the rounded leaf tip, making the moss look hoary grey when dry. The tongue-shaped leaf blade is 2 to 3.5 mm long, and twists and curls when dry, but the leaves spread away from each other when moist. The margins are recurved almost to the tip. The less common var. aestiva has a very short, excurrent green nerve. Narrowly cylindrical capsules develop from spring to autumn. They are held erect on a 1 to 2 cm long, purple seta, with a long peristome twisted into a spiral.

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    Capsules are characteristically upright.

    Habitat

    T. muralis is the commonest moss on many mortared or base-rich walls – both of brick and stone – and can tolerate some shade. It also grows on concrete, roof tiles and other man-made structures, as well as outcrops of natural, base-rich rock, and much less commonly on trees and wood.

    UK Status

    Widespread and common in Britain.

    VC55 Status

    Common in Leicestershire and Rutland.

    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    UK Map