Willow Redgall Sawfly - Pontania proxima


    Adult Willow Redgall Sawflies are small - approximately 3.5-5 mm long. They are shiny, black and wasp-like. They cause a gall to form on certain species of willow and this gall is more likely to be seen than the adult sawfly.


    Wherever White Willow or Crack Willow grow, usually damp open wooded areas, sometimes hedgerows.

    When to see it

    Adult May to August

    Life History

    The larvae of the Willow Redgall Sawfly are pale green in colour with a dark head. They are small and caterpillar-like, reaching only 5 mm in length. Adults emerge in late spring, and females seek out suitable willows on which to lay eggs. The female inserts an egg into leaf tissue where it hatches and begins to eat the soft leaf tissue. This stimulates the leaf to produce a gall which is bean-shaped, smooth and emerges equally on both sides of the leaf. The gall may be green, red or yellow. A single larva feeds in the cavity of each gall.

    UK Status

    Common and widespread in Britain

    VC55 Status

    Common in Leicestershire and Rutland.

    Leicestershire & Rutland Map

    UK Map